An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus

An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus To evaluate the possibility of developing an effective subunit vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), mice were intraperitoneally immunized with either a neutralizing epitope (a 27-amino-acid region of the JEV E protein), or with a fusion protein between this region and a Mycobacterium tuberculosis hsp70. Both antigens were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins with thioredoxin. The fusion protein antigen elicited a higher titer of anti-thioredoxin-neutralizing epitope antibodies and a stronger proliferation of lymphocytes than did either the neutralizing epitope (irrespective of the presence of mineral oil as an adjuvant), or the conventional JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Assays of antibody isotype and IFN-γ and IL-4 content in post-immunization serum showed that the fusion protein elicited a higher IgG2a titer and higher levels of IFN-γ suggesting a potentiation of the Th1 immune response. The fusion protein antigen elicited a long-lived immune response, and the antibodies were able to neutralize JEV in vitro more strongly than did those elicited by the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Immunization with the fusion protein generated both humoral and cellular immune responses to JEV, and the fusion protein appeared to be a more efficient protectant than the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus

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Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
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