An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus

An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus To evaluate the possibility of developing an effective subunit vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), mice were intraperitoneally immunized with either a neutralizing epitope (a 27-amino-acid region of the JEV E protein), or with a fusion protein between this region and a Mycobacterium tuberculosis hsp70. Both antigens were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins with thioredoxin. The fusion protein antigen elicited a higher titer of anti-thioredoxin-neutralizing epitope antibodies and a stronger proliferation of lymphocytes than did either the neutralizing epitope (irrespective of the presence of mineral oil as an adjuvant), or the conventional JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Assays of antibody isotype and IFN-γ and IL-4 content in post-immunization serum showed that the fusion protein elicited a higher IgG2a titer and higher levels of IFN-γ suggesting a potentiation of the Th1 immune response. The fusion protein antigen elicited a long-lived immune response, and the antibodies were able to neutralize JEV in vitro more strongly than did those elicited by the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Immunization with the fusion protein generated both humoral and cellular immune responses to JEV, and the fusion protein appeared to be a more efficient protectant than the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

An hsp70 fusion protein vaccine potentiates the immune response against Japanese encephalitis virus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/an-hsp70-fusion-protein-vaccine-potentiates-the-immune-response-wKKuuFVQ1i
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0822-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To evaluate the possibility of developing an effective subunit vaccine against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), mice were intraperitoneally immunized with either a neutralizing epitope (a 27-amino-acid region of the JEV E protein), or with a fusion protein between this region and a Mycobacterium tuberculosis hsp70. Both antigens were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins with thioredoxin. The fusion protein antigen elicited a higher titer of anti-thioredoxin-neutralizing epitope antibodies and a stronger proliferation of lymphocytes than did either the neutralizing epitope (irrespective of the presence of mineral oil as an adjuvant), or the conventional JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Assays of antibody isotype and IFN-γ and IL-4 content in post-immunization serum showed that the fusion protein elicited a higher IgG2a titer and higher levels of IFN-γ suggesting a potentiation of the Th1 immune response. The fusion protein antigen elicited a long-lived immune response, and the antibodies were able to neutralize JEV in vitro more strongly than did those elicited by the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine. Immunization with the fusion protein generated both humoral and cellular immune responses to JEV, and the fusion protein appeared to be a more efficient protectant than the JEV SA14-14-2 vaccine.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off