An experimental study of the liquid film on a vertical wire under the action of an impinging annular jet

An experimental study of the liquid film on a vertical wire under the action of an impinging... The liquid film remaining on a wire withdrawn from a liquid bath and forced through an annular jet is experimentally investigated on a dedicated facility. An optical laser-based technique recently introduced to study liquid-film instabilities on small-radius cylinders allows the measurement of the mean final thickness and wave characteristics. Experimental results are compared to analytical predictions obtained with a simple model specifically derived for this configuration and based on liquid-film properties (density, viscosity and surface tension) and operating parameters (wire speed, nozzle dimensions and stagnation pressure). Such a model relies on the knowledge of pressure-gradient and wall shear-stress distributions generated by the annular jet radially impinging on the cylinder. Different correlations providing the maxima of these profiles are employed and, after some improvements to the original “knife” model, the mean final thickness is correctly predicted. Successful results are obtained, also, using a simple expression derived from the LLD theory. The experimental measurement of surface-perturbation features (wave amplitude, wavelength and amplification factor) as a function of the operating parameters leads to some important conclusions that could have a remarkable and direct influence on the industrial process of wire coating. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

An experimental study of the liquid film on a vertical wire under the action of an impinging annular jet

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-008-0561-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The liquid film remaining on a wire withdrawn from a liquid bath and forced through an annular jet is experimentally investigated on a dedicated facility. An optical laser-based technique recently introduced to study liquid-film instabilities on small-radius cylinders allows the measurement of the mean final thickness and wave characteristics. Experimental results are compared to analytical predictions obtained with a simple model specifically derived for this configuration and based on liquid-film properties (density, viscosity and surface tension) and operating parameters (wire speed, nozzle dimensions and stagnation pressure). Such a model relies on the knowledge of pressure-gradient and wall shear-stress distributions generated by the annular jet radially impinging on the cylinder. Different correlations providing the maxima of these profiles are employed and, after some improvements to the original “knife” model, the mean final thickness is correctly predicted. Successful results are obtained, also, using a simple expression derived from the LLD theory. The experimental measurement of surface-perturbation features (wave amplitude, wavelength and amplification factor) as a function of the operating parameters leads to some important conclusions that could have a remarkable and direct influence on the industrial process of wire coating.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 20, 2008

References

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