An Examination of Gender Differences in
Mexican -American Attitudes Toward Family
an d Career Roles
University of North Carolina at Ch arlotte
Melan ie Trevi
University of Texas at El Paso
Th is stu dy exam in ed attitu des of 76 Mexican -Am erican fem ales an d 62
Mexican-Am erican males toward the role of the female in the workplace an d
toward child care respon sibility of working parents. Controlling for age‚ m arital
status‚ num ber of children ‚ and accultu ration ‚ m ales were significantly more
likely to hold tradition al views of the role of females in the workplace than
were fem ales. Addition ally‚ controllin g for the sam e variables‚ males were
significantly more likely than fem ales to have tradition al views toward parental
respon sibility for ch ild care. Future research needs are discu ssed.
As the work force continue s to become more dive rse ‚ unde rstanding cul-
tural diffe re nce s be come s incre asingly important (Cox & Nkomo‚ 1990;
Nkomo‚ 1992). Researche rs who have examine d cultural diffe rences have
typically focused on be twee n-country difference s. Much le ss attention has
been give n to within-country cross-cultural issue s‚ especially relative to the
manage me nt of employe es (Ere z & Earle y‚ 1993) . Howe ve r‚ all employe es
in a company may not have the same cultural background —an incre asingly
likely eve nt—even though the y are citize ns of the same country. Many U.S.
citize ns still retain ide ntification with their own ethnic group and‚ conse-
1998 Plenum Publishing Corp oration
The authors wou ld like to thank Stella Nkomo and the two anonymous reviewers for their
which e nhanced the quality of this article .
To whom corresponde nce should be addressed at Department of Manageme nt
The Be lk
Colle ge of Business Administration
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
North Carolina 28223.