An evaluation system for postgraduate pediatric residency
programs: report of a 3-year experience
Liviana Da Dalt
Received: 1 March 2017 /Revised: 6 June 2017 /Accepted: 6 July 2017 /Published online: 1 August 2017
The Author(s) 2017. This article is an open access publication
Abstract The way a postgraduate medical training program
is organized and the capacity of faculty members to function
as tutors and to organize effective professional experiences are
among the elements that affect the quality of training. An
evaluation system designed to target these elements has been
implemented within the framework of the Pediatric Residency
Program of the University of Padua (Italy). The aim of this
report is to describe some aspects of the experience gained in
the first 3 years of implementation of the system (2013–2015).
Data were collected using four validated questionnaires: the
BResident Assessment Questionnaire^,theBTutor-
Questionnaire^,andtheBResident Affairs Committee-
Assessment Questionnaire^. The response rate was 72% for
the BResident Assessment Questionnaires^; 78% for the
BTutor-/Rotation-Assessment Questionnaires^ and 84% for
the BResident Affair Committee-Assessment Questionnaires^.
The scores collected were validated by psychometric tests.
Conclusion: The high rates of completed questionnaires
returned and the psychometric validation of the results collect-
ed indicate that the evaluation system reported herein can be
effectively implemented. Efforts should be made to refine this
system and, more importantly, to document its impact in im-
proving the Pediatric Residency Program.
What is known:
• The elements that influence the quality of postgraduate training
programs and the knowledge, performance, and competences of
residents must be regularly assessed.
• Comprehensive evaluation systems for postgraduate residency
programs are not universally implemented also because quite often
common guidelines and rules, well-equipped infrastructures, and fi-
nancial resources are missing.
What is new:
• We show the feasibility of implementing an evaluation system that
targets some of the key elements of a postgraduate medical training
program in Italy, a European country in which the regulations
governing training programs and, notably, the evaluation of residents
are still being developed.
AQ Assessment Questionnaire
Resident Affair Committee-
Communicated by Mario Bianchetti
* Liviana Da Dalt
Pediatric Residency Program, Department of Woman’s and Child’s
Health, University of Padua, Via Giustiniani 3, 35128 Padua, Italy
Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Educational Studies and
Applied Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy
Eur J Pediatr (2017) 176:1279–1283