An enriched finite element method to fractional advection–diffusion equation

An enriched finite element method to fractional advection–diffusion equation In this paper, an enriched finite element method with fractional basis $$\left[ 1,x^{\alpha }\right] $$ 1 , x α for spatial fractional partial differential equations is proposed to obtain more stable and accurate numerical solutions. For pure fractional diffusion equation without advection, the enriched Galerkin finite element method formulation is demonstrated to simulate the exact solution successfully without any numerical oscillation, which is advantageous compared to the traditional Galerkin finite element method with integer basis $$\left[ 1,x\right] $$ 1 , x . For fractional advection–diffusion equation, the oscillatory behavior becomes complex due to the introduction of the advection term which can be characterized by a fractional element Peclet number. For the purpose of addressing the more complex numerical oscillation, an enriched Petrov–Galerkin finite element method is developed by using a dimensionless fractional stabilization parameter, which is formulated through a minimization of the residual of the nodal solution. The effectiveness and accuracy of the enriched finite element method are demonstrated by a series of numerical examples of fractional diffusion equation and fractional advection–diffusion equation, including both one-dimensional and two-dimensional, steady-state and time-dependent cases. Computational Mechanics Springer Journals

An enriched finite element method to fractional advection–diffusion equation

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Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Engineering; Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Computational Science and Engineering; Classical and Continuum Physics
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