Background Ambulatory surgery for anorectal procedures has been proven to be safe and effective. Speciﬁc peri- operative pathways combining multiple interventions have been shown to optimize recovery and outcomes associ- ated with inpatient colorectal surgery. However, there are no major studies describing and evaluating a standardized protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a modiﬁed enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery. Methods This was a retrospective review of prospectively collected data from 14 Southern California Kaiser Permanente medical centers. An eight-item protocol including: preoperative education, preoperative distribution of prescriptions, preoperative carbohydrate treatment, multimodal analgesia, preferential use of monitored anesthesia care (MAC), routine use of local anesthesia/regional blocks, intraoperative restriction of intravenous ﬂuids, and post-discharge phone call. Postoperative pain scores and preventable returns to the emergency department or urgent care were assessed. Results Postoperative pain scores were reduced when all eight elements of the protocol were delivered (p = 0.005). On multivariate analysis, there was reduced postoperative pain when preoperative carbohydrate treatment was completed (p = 0.002), with MAC (p = 0.003), and when multimodal analgesia was used (p = 0.02). There were decreased preventable returns to
World Journal of Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 9, 2018
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