Establishment of a suitable regeneration protocol is a pre-requisite to carry out transformation study in Sesamum indicum L. (sesame). In this paper, different parameters of regeneration were standardised to develop an efficient protocol for in vitro plant regeneration via direct adventitious shoot organogenesis using de-embryonated cotyledons of sesame as explants. Among the various treatments of MS medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine, thidiazuron and indole-3-acetic acid, maximum regeneration frequency (25.93 ± 2.21%) was obtained in BTI 4 medium (MS supplemented with 33.33 µM BAP with 2.85 µM IAA) within 6 weeks of culture. Regeneration frequency increased further (50.37 ± 2.49%) by fortifying BTI 4 with 29.43 µM silver nitrate (AG 3 medium). Pre-culture of cotyledon explants in AB 3 medium (AG 3 supplemented with 3.78 µM abscisic acid) for 14 days followed by sub-culture in AG 3 medium further improved the regeneration frequency (68.15 ± 2.68%). The highest rate of shoot regeneration (94.82 ± 1.34%) was obtained by pre-culturing 4-day-old cotyledon in a vertical position in AB 3 medium for 14 days and sub-culturing in AG 3 medium for 4 weeks. Regenerated shoots proliferated in MS medium supplemented with 4.44 μM BAP and 1.44 μM gibberelic acid (GA3). The highest frequency (65.33 ± 3.78%) of root induction was achieved by culturing the elongated shoots in MS medium supplemented with 2.69 μM α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) for 6 weeks. Rooted plants were acclimatised in soilrite and transferred to soil after 6–8 weeks. The rate of acclimatisation of plants was 76%.
3 Biotech – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2018
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