An efficient method to enrich for knock-out and knock-in cellular clones using the CRISPR/Cas9 system

An efficient method to enrich for knock-out and knock-in cellular clones using the CRISPR/Cas9... Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats-associated protein 9 nuclease (CRISPR/Cas9) and Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases (TALENs) are versatile tools for genome editing. Here we report a method to increase the frequency of Cas9-targeted cellular clones. Our method is based on a chimeric construct with a Blasticidin S Resistance gene (bsr) placed out-of-frame by a surrogate target sequence. End joining of the CRISPR/Cas9-induced double-strand break on the surrogate target can place the bsr in frame, thus providing temporary resistance to Blasticidin S: this is used to enrich for cells where Cas9 is active. By this approach, in a real experimental setting, we disrupted the Aicda gene in ~70% of clones from CH12F3 lymphoma cells (>40% biallelically). With the same approach we knocked in a single nucleotide to reconstruct the frame of Aicda in these null cells, restoring the function in ~37% of the clones (less than 10% by the standard approach). Targeting of single nucleotide changes in other genes yielded analogous results. These results support our enrichment method as an efficient tool in genome editing. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences Springer Journals

An efficient method to enrich for knock-out and knock-in cellular clones using the CRISPR/Cas9 system

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Biomedicine, general; Life Sciences, general; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
1420-682X
eISSN
1420-9071
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00018-017-2524-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats-associated protein 9 nuclease (CRISPR/Cas9) and Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases (TALENs) are versatile tools for genome editing. Here we report a method to increase the frequency of Cas9-targeted cellular clones. Our method is based on a chimeric construct with a Blasticidin S Resistance gene (bsr) placed out-of-frame by a surrogate target sequence. End joining of the CRISPR/Cas9-induced double-strand break on the surrogate target can place the bsr in frame, thus providing temporary resistance to Blasticidin S: this is used to enrich for cells where Cas9 is active. By this approach, in a real experimental setting, we disrupted the Aicda gene in ~70% of clones from CH12F3 lymphoma cells (>40% biallelically). With the same approach we knocked in a single nucleotide to reconstruct the frame of Aicda in these null cells, restoring the function in ~37% of the clones (less than 10% by the standard approach). Targeting of single nucleotide changes in other genes yielded analogous results. These results support our enrichment method as an efficient tool in genome editing.

Journal

Cellular and Molecular Life SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 18, 2017

References

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