A new sub-pixel correlation peak locating algorithm for PIV analysis is introduced. The method is theoretically consistent with the method of continuously shifting interrogation sub-windows by fractional displacements, which has proven to be an effective way to reduce the bias error associated with integer pixel aliasing, or ‘peak-locking’. However the proposed algorithm performs continuous window shifting in the spatial frequency domain using the ‘shift’ property of the Fourier transform, thus it is equivalent to interpolating the original digital image with the Fourier transform reconstruction. Synthetic and real PIV images are used to test the new algorithm’s performance relative to that of traditional (non-iterative) peak-finding methods and other peak-locking reduction algorithms, such as the continuous window shifting technique. The resultant bias error of the proposed algorithm is smaller (by an order of magnitude in some cases), and importantly, the periodic nature of the bias error, the characteristic signature of ‘peak-locking’, is eliminated as long as the discrete particle images have been sampled at a rate greater than the Nyquist sampling frequency. Moreover, this new algorithm is shown to be computationally efficient and it converges faster than the competing algorithms.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 13, 2005
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