We propose a new algorithm for approximating the non-asymptotic second moment of the marginal likelihood estimate, or normalizing constant, provided by a particle filter. The computational cost of the new method is O(M) per time step, independently of the number of particles N in the particle filter, where M is a parameter controlling the quality of the approximation. This is in contrast to O(M N) for a simple averaging technique using M i.i.d. replicates of a particle filter with N particles. We establish that the approximation delivered by the new algorithm is unbiased, strongly consistent and, under standard regularity conditions, increasing M linearly with time is sufficient to prevent growth of the relative variance of the approximation, whereas for the simple averaging technique it can be necessary to increase M exponentially with time in order to achieve the same effect. This makes the new algorithm useful as part of strategies for estimating Monte Carlo variance. Numerical examples illustrate performance in the context of a stochastic Lotka–Volterra system and a simple AR(1) model.
Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 27, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera