Amphotericin B Membrane Action: Role for Two Types of Ion Channels in Eliciting Cell Survival and Lethal Effects

Amphotericin B Membrane Action: Role for Two Types of Ion Channels in Eliciting Cell Survival and... The formation of aqueous pores by the polyene antibiotic amphotericin B (AmB) is at the basis of its fungicidal and leishmanicidal action. However, other types of nonlethal and dose-dependent biphasic effects that have been associated with the AmB action in different cells, including a variety of survival responses, are difficult to reconcile with the formation of a unique type of ion channel by the antibiotic. In this respect, there is increasing evidence indicating that AmB forms nonaqueous (cation-selective) channels at concentrations below the threshold at which aqueous pores are formed. The main foci of this review will be (1) to provide a summary of the evidence supporting the formation of cation-selective ion channels and aqueous pores by AmB in lipid membrane models and in the membranes of eukaryotic cells; (2) to discuss the influence of membrane parameters such as thickness fluctuations, the type of sterol present and the existence of sterol-rich specialized lipid raft microdomains in the formation process of such channels; and (3) to develop a cell model that serves as a framework for understanding how the intracellular K+ and Na+ concentration changes induced by the cation-selective AmB channels enhance multiple survival response pathways before they are overcome by the more sustained ion fluxes, Ca2+-dependent apoptotic events and cell lysis effects that are associated with the formation of AmB aqueous pores. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Amphotericin B Membrane Action: Role for Two Types of Ion Channels in Eliciting Cell Survival and Lethal Effects

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/amphotericin-b-membrane-action-role-for-two-types-of-ion-channels-in-AO0PykdNmK
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (Outside the USA)
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9313-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial