Among a plethora of dietary supplements, amino acids are very popular with athletes for several reasons (e.g., to prevent nutritional deficiency, improve muscle function, and decrease muscle damages) whose purpose is to improve performance. However, it is difficult to get a clear idea of which amino acids have real ergogenic impact. Here, we review and analyze the clinical studies evaluating specific amino acids (glutamine, arginine, leucine, etc.) in athletes. Only english-language clinical studies evaluating a specific effect of one amino acid were considered. Despite promising results, many studies have methodological limits or specific flaws that do not allow definitive conclusions. To date, only chronic β-alanine supplemen - tation demonstrated an ergogenic effect in athletes. Much research is still needed to gain evidence-based data before any other specific amino acid can be recommended for use in athletes. Keywords Glutamine · Arginine · β-Alanine · Leucine · Citrulline · Taurine · Athletes Introduction help you reduce your risk of disease. These definitions are similar in many countries. However, the spectrum of the Food supplements are very popular throughout the world, dietary supplement market runs from nutritional proper- especially in Europe and the USA. The European Food ties to physiological properties, and physiological proper- Safety Authority (EFSA) defines ‘food supplements’
Amino Acids – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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