Amino acid substitution at position 44 of matrix protein 2 of an avirulent H5 avian influenza virus is crucial for acquiring the highly pathogenic phenotype in chickens

Amino acid substitution at position 44 of matrix protein 2 of an avirulent H5 avian influenza... The pathogenicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses is dependent on multiple factors, but the sequence at the HA cleavage site plays the most important role. To better understand the mechanism of virulence of HPAI virus, an avirulent H5 avian influenza virus, A/teal/Tottori/150/02 (H5N3, teal/150), was passaged in respiratory organs of chickens to generate a virus with a highly pathogenic phenotype. After 12 consecutive passages, the virus (strain 12a) became highly pathogenic, with a 100 % mortality rate in chickens. Sequence analysis of the highly pathogenic variant revealed an amino acid change from aspartic acid (Asp) to asparagine (Asn) at position 44 of matrix protein 2 (M2). To investigate the role of M2 in the pathogenicity of HPAI virus, we generated reassortant viruses possessing a polybasic HA cleavage site and either Asp or Asn at position 44 of M2 using the highly pathogenic strain 12a and the avirulent strain 7a, which has Asp at position 44 of M2 derived from isolate teal/150, and we compared their pathogenicity in chickens. Experimental infections demonstrated that the pathogenicity of viruses possessing Asp in M2 was dramatically decreased, and the mortality rate of inoculated chickens was 0 %, in contrast to viruses with Asn, which showed 70 to 100 % mortality. Our findings indicate that M2 protein of the avirulent H5 avian influenza virus is important for acquiring high virulence and that Asn at position 44 of M2, in addition to the polybasic HA cleavage site, is crucial for high pathogenicity in chickens. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Amino acid substitution at position 44 of matrix protein 2 of an avirulent H5 avian influenza virus is crucial for acquiring the highly pathogenic phenotype in chickens

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/amino-acid-substitution-at-position-44-of-matrix-protein-2-of-an-0TU9wsk0iD
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-015-2470-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The pathogenicity of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses is dependent on multiple factors, but the sequence at the HA cleavage site plays the most important role. To better understand the mechanism of virulence of HPAI virus, an avirulent H5 avian influenza virus, A/teal/Tottori/150/02 (H5N3, teal/150), was passaged in respiratory organs of chickens to generate a virus with a highly pathogenic phenotype. After 12 consecutive passages, the virus (strain 12a) became highly pathogenic, with a 100 % mortality rate in chickens. Sequence analysis of the highly pathogenic variant revealed an amino acid change from aspartic acid (Asp) to asparagine (Asn) at position 44 of matrix protein 2 (M2). To investigate the role of M2 in the pathogenicity of HPAI virus, we generated reassortant viruses possessing a polybasic HA cleavage site and either Asp or Asn at position 44 of M2 using the highly pathogenic strain 12a and the avirulent strain 7a, which has Asp at position 44 of M2 derived from isolate teal/150, and we compared their pathogenicity in chickens. Experimental infections demonstrated that the pathogenicity of viruses possessing Asp in M2 was dramatically decreased, and the mortality rate of inoculated chickens was 0 %, in contrast to viruses with Asn, which showed 70 to 100 % mortality. Our findings indicate that M2 protein of the avirulent H5 avian influenza virus is important for acquiring high virulence and that Asn at position 44 of M2, in addition to the polybasic HA cleavage site, is crucial for high pathogenicity in chickens.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2015

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off