Amino acid deletions in the cytosolic domains of the chlorophyll a-binding protein CP47 slow QA − oxidation and/or prevent the assembly of PhotosystemII

Amino acid deletions in the cytosolic domains of the chlorophyll a-binding protein CP47 slow QA... The Photosystem II (PSII) core antenna chlorophyll a-binding protein, CP47, contains six membrane-spanning α-helices separated by five hydrophilic loops: A–E. To identify important hydrophilic cytosolic regions, oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was employed to introduce short segment deletions into loops B and D, and the C-terminal domain. Four strains carrying deletions of between three and five residues were created in loop B. Two strains, with deletions adjacent to helices II and III, did not assemble PSII; however, the mutants Δ(F123–D125) and Δ(R127–S131) remained photoautotrophic with near wild-type levels of assembled reaction centers. In contrast, all deletions introduced into loop D, connecting helices IV and V, failed to assemble significant levels of PSII and were obligate photoheterotrophic mutants. However, deletions in the C-terminal domain did not prevent the assembly of PSII reaction centers although the mutant Δ(S471–T473), with a deletion adjacent to helix VI, exhibited retarded QA − oxidation kinetics and the PSII-specific herbicide, atrazine, bound less tightly in the Δ(S471–T473) and Δ(F475–D477) strains. Deletions in the C-terminal domain also created mutants with large protein aggregates that were recognized by an antibody raised against the PSII reaction center D1 protein. Low-temperature fluorescence emission spectra of photoautotrophic strains carrying deletions in either the C-terminal domain or loop B did not provide evidence for impaired energy transfer from the phycobilisomes to the PSII reaction center. The data therefore suggest an important structural role for loop D in the assembly of PSII and a potential interaction between the C-terminal domain of CP47 and the PSII reaction center that, when perturbed, results in photoinduced protein aggregates involving the D1 protein. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Amino acid deletions in the cytosolic domains of the chlorophyll a-binding protein CP47 slow QA − oxidation and/or prevent the assembly of PhotosystemII

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/amino-acid-deletions-in-the-cytosolic-domains-of-the-chlorophyll-a-klpDYupb6d
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1019865909130
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Photosystem II (PSII) core antenna chlorophyll a-binding protein, CP47, contains six membrane-spanning α-helices separated by five hydrophilic loops: A–E. To identify important hydrophilic cytosolic regions, oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was employed to introduce short segment deletions into loops B and D, and the C-terminal domain. Four strains carrying deletions of between three and five residues were created in loop B. Two strains, with deletions adjacent to helices II and III, did not assemble PSII; however, the mutants Δ(F123–D125) and Δ(R127–S131) remained photoautotrophic with near wild-type levels of assembled reaction centers. In contrast, all deletions introduced into loop D, connecting helices IV and V, failed to assemble significant levels of PSII and were obligate photoheterotrophic mutants. However, deletions in the C-terminal domain did not prevent the assembly of PSII reaction centers although the mutant Δ(S471–T473), with a deletion adjacent to helix VI, exhibited retarded QA − oxidation kinetics and the PSII-specific herbicide, atrazine, bound less tightly in the Δ(S471–T473) and Δ(F475–D477) strains. Deletions in the C-terminal domain also created mutants with large protein aggregates that were recognized by an antibody raised against the PSII reaction center D1 protein. Low-temperature fluorescence emission spectra of photoautotrophic strains carrying deletions in either the C-terminal domain or loop B did not provide evidence for impaired energy transfer from the phycobilisomes to the PSII reaction center. The data therefore suggest an important structural role for loop D in the assembly of PSII and a potential interaction between the C-terminal domain of CP47 and the PSII reaction center that, when perturbed, results in photoinduced protein aggregates involving the D1 protein.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off