For enhancing octane number and improving ecological characteristics of internal combustion engines nitrogen-containing compounds of amine class are applied. Although these additives are inferior to the additives based on iron and managanese organoelement compounds (iron dicuyclopentadienyl, manganese methylcyclopentadienyltricarbonyl and others), but superior to oxygen-containing additives (low alcohols, methyl tert.-butyl ether and alone and mixed with tert-butanol and others). The nitrogen-containing compounds are ashess addition agents, thus they are advantageous over the addition agents based on organometallic compounds. A significant advantage of these additives is polyfunctionality. Being effective enough antiknock agents, they also possess antioxidant, stabilizing and anticorrosive properties.
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 31, 2007
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