The fiber coating is the key part of the solid-phase microextraction (SPME) technique, and it determines the sensitivity, selectivity, and repeatability of the analytical method. In this work, amine (NH2)-functionalized material of Institute Lavoisier (MIL)-53(Al) nanoparticles were successfully synthesized, characterized, and applied as the SPME fiber coating for efficient sample pretreatment owing to their unique structures and excellent adsorption properties. Under optimized conditions, the NH2-MIL-53(Al)-coated fiber showed good precision, low limits of detection (LODs) [0.025–0.83 ng L-1 for synthetic musks (SMs) and 0.051–0.97 ng L-1 for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs)], and good linearity. Experimental results showed that the NH2-MIL-53(Al) SPME coating was solvent resistant and thermostable. In addition, the extraction efficiencies of the NH2-MIL-53(Al) coating for SMs and OCPs were higher than those of commercially available SPME fiber coatings such as polydimethylsiloxane, polydimethylsiloxane–divinylbenzene, and polyacrylate. The reasons may be that the analytes are adsorbed on NH2-MIL-53(Al) primarily through π–π interactions, electron donor–electron acceptor interactions, and hydrogen bonds between the analytes and organic linkers of the material. Direct immersion (DI) SPME–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry methods based on NH2-MIL-53(Al) were successfully applied for the analysis of tap and river water samples. The recoveries were 80.3–115% for SMs and 77.4–117% for OCPs. These results indicate that the NH2-MIL-53(Al) coating may be a promising alternative to SPME coatings for the enrichment of SMs and OCPs.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 6, 2017
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