Ameliorating the Effect of Pioglitazone on LPS-Induced Inflammation of Human Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells

Ameliorating the Effect of Pioglitazone on LPS-Induced Inflammation of Human Oligodendrocyte... Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are appropriate model cells for studying the progress of neurodegenerative disorders and evaluation of pharmacological efficacies of small molecules for treatment of these disorders. Here, we focused on the therapeutic role of Pioglitazone, which is a selective agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a respective nuclear receptor in inflammatory responses. Human embryonic stem cell-derived OPCs were pretreated by Pioglitazone at differing concentrations. Pretreated OPCs were further examined after induction of inflammation by LPS. Interestingly, Pioglitazone reversed the inflammatory conditions and enhanced OPC viability. Data showed that Pioglitazone reduced Nitric Oxide (NO) production. Moreover, Pioglitazone enhanced cell viability through distinct mechanisms including reduction of apoptosis and regulation of cell cycle markers. This study demonstrated that NO induces apoptosis through FOXO1 and degradation of β-catenin, while the presence of Pioglitazone inhibited these effects in rescuing human OPCs from apoptosis. Also, Pioglitazone did not show a significant influence on mRNA levels of TLR2, TRL4, and TNFα. Furthermore, simultaneous treatment of Pioglitazone with CHIR, a GSKβ inhibitor, facilitated anti-apoptotic responses of OPCs. Taken together, therapy with Pioglitazone represents a novel potential drug in alleviating the loss of OPCs in neurodegenerative conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology Springer Journals

Ameliorating the Effect of Pioglitazone on LPS-Induced Inflammation of Human Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/ameliorating-the-effect-of-pioglitazone-on-lps-induced-inflammation-of-PZkQJN3bKW
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Neurobiology
ISSN
0272-4340
eISSN
1573-6830
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10571-017-0500-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are appropriate model cells for studying the progress of neurodegenerative disorders and evaluation of pharmacological efficacies of small molecules for treatment of these disorders. Here, we focused on the therapeutic role of Pioglitazone, which is a selective agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a respective nuclear receptor in inflammatory responses. Human embryonic stem cell-derived OPCs were pretreated by Pioglitazone at differing concentrations. Pretreated OPCs were further examined after induction of inflammation by LPS. Interestingly, Pioglitazone reversed the inflammatory conditions and enhanced OPC viability. Data showed that Pioglitazone reduced Nitric Oxide (NO) production. Moreover, Pioglitazone enhanced cell viability through distinct mechanisms including reduction of apoptosis and regulation of cell cycle markers. This study demonstrated that NO induces apoptosis through FOXO1 and degradation of β-catenin, while the presence of Pioglitazone inhibited these effects in rescuing human OPCs from apoptosis. Also, Pioglitazone did not show a significant influence on mRNA levels of TLR2, TRL4, and TNFα. Furthermore, simultaneous treatment of Pioglitazone with CHIR, a GSKβ inhibitor, facilitated anti-apoptotic responses of OPCs. Taken together, therapy with Pioglitazone represents a novel potential drug in alleviating the loss of OPCs in neurodegenerative conditions.

Journal

Cellular and Molecular NeurobiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 9, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off