To investigate wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) responses to Al stress, KCl- and SDS-extracted glycoproteins (covalently bound proteins isolated by cell-wall digestion by cellulysine–pectolase mixture) and extensins (hydroxyproline-containing glycoproteins, HRGPs) were isolated from cell-wall preparations purified from the root apices of Al-sensitive and Al-tolerant near-isogenic lines ES8 and ET8. Under Al stress conditions, two lines differed mostly in their extensins. The untreated plants of two lines were low in covalently bound extensins, although the content of this protein fraction in ES8 was higher than in ET8. When the seedlings were treated with Al, the extensin content increased in both wheat lines and especially in the Al-tolerant ET8 plants. Using two-dimensional electrophoresis, the authors demonstrated the accumulation of polypeptides with mol wts of 22.2 kD (pI 5.5–6.5), 24.5 kD (pI 5.8–6.0), and 33.1 kD (pI 5.25) and polypeptides of 22.2 kD (pI 6.8–7.6) and 40.5 kD (pI 7.6) in the extensin fraction from the cell walls of the Al-sensitive plants. The regulation of cell responses to Al stress may involve extensin expression.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 10, 2004
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