Alternative splicing is required for RCT1-mediated disease resistance in Medicago truncatula

Alternative splicing is required for RCT1-mediated disease resistance in Medicago truncatula RCT1 is a TIR-NBS-LRR-type resistance (R) gene in Medicago truncatula that confers resistance to multiple races of Colletotrichum trifolii, a hemi-biotrophic fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose disease in Medicago and other closely related legumes. RCT1 undergoes alternative splicing at both coding and 3′-untranslated regions, thereby producing multiple transcript variants in its expression profile. Alternative splicing of RCT1 in the coding region results from the retention of intron 4. Because intron 4 lies downstream of the LRR-encoding exons and contains an in-frame stop codon, the alternative transcript is predicted to encode a truncated protein consisting of the entire portion of the TIR, NBS, and LRR domains but lacks the C-terminal domain of the full-length RCT1 protein encoded by the regular transcript. Here we provide evidence that the RCT1-mediated disease resistance requires the combined presence of the regular and alternative transcripts. Neither the regular nor the alternative RCT1 transcript alone is sufficient to confer resistance against the pathogen. This study, in addition to the reports on the tobacco N and Arabidopsis RPS4 genes, adds another significant example showing the involvement of alternative splicing in R gene-mediated plant immunity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Alternative splicing is required for RCT1-mediated disease resistance in Medicago truncatula

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-013-0068-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

RCT1 is a TIR-NBS-LRR-type resistance (R) gene in Medicago truncatula that confers resistance to multiple races of Colletotrichum trifolii, a hemi-biotrophic fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose disease in Medicago and other closely related legumes. RCT1 undergoes alternative splicing at both coding and 3′-untranslated regions, thereby producing multiple transcript variants in its expression profile. Alternative splicing of RCT1 in the coding region results from the retention of intron 4. Because intron 4 lies downstream of the LRR-encoding exons and contains an in-frame stop codon, the alternative transcript is predicted to encode a truncated protein consisting of the entire portion of the TIR, NBS, and LRR domains but lacks the C-terminal domain of the full-length RCT1 protein encoded by the regular transcript. Here we provide evidence that the RCT1-mediated disease resistance requires the combined presence of the regular and alternative transcripts. Neither the regular nor the alternative RCT1 transcript alone is sufficient to confer resistance against the pathogen. This study, in addition to the reports on the tobacco N and Arabidopsis RPS4 genes, adds another significant example showing the involvement of alternative splicing in R gene-mediated plant immunity.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 9, 2013

References

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