Alternative oxidase functions in the excess excitation energy-induced resistance to pathogen infection

Alternative oxidase functions in the excess excitation energy-induced resistance to pathogen... Although excess excitation energy (EEE) can damage the photosynthetic apparatus and deregulate many cellular processes, some studies have reported that EEE can be used by plants to optimize the resistance to pathogen infection. Here, we investigated whether the EEE-induced resistance to pathogen infection might be mediated by mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX). The present work showed that exposure of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaves to short-term excess light or treatment of Arabidopsis leaves with the electron transport inhibitor, DBMIB (2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone), restricted the growth of virulent biotrophic bacteria, Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) DC3000. Exposure to short-term excess light or DBMIB treatment also enhanced the level of the capacity of the cyanide-resistant respiration of the infected leaves. The lack of AOX1a gene in the AtAOX1a anti-sense line attenuated the excess light- or DBMIB-induced resistance toward Pst DC3000. These results indicate that AOX may play a role in regulating the EEE-induced resistance to virulent pathogen infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biologia Springer Journals

Alternative oxidase functions in the excess excitation energy-induced resistance to pathogen infection

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Plant Sciences; Zoology; Cell Biology; Microbiology
ISSN
0006-3088
eISSN
1336-9563
D.O.I.
10.2478/s11756-018-0018-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Although excess excitation energy (EEE) can damage the photosynthetic apparatus and deregulate many cellular processes, some studies have reported that EEE can be used by plants to optimize the resistance to pathogen infection. Here, we investigated whether the EEE-induced resistance to pathogen infection might be mediated by mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX). The present work showed that exposure of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaves to short-term excess light or treatment of Arabidopsis leaves with the electron transport inhibitor, DBMIB (2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone), restricted the growth of virulent biotrophic bacteria, Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) DC3000. Exposure to short-term excess light or DBMIB treatment also enhanced the level of the capacity of the cyanide-resistant respiration of the infected leaves. The lack of AOX1a gene in the AtAOX1a anti-sense line attenuated the excess light- or DBMIB-induced resistance toward Pst DC3000. These results indicate that AOX may play a role in regulating the EEE-induced resistance to virulent pathogen infection.

Journal

BiologiaSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 16, 2018

References

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