Although excess excitation energy (EEE) can damage the photosynthetic apparatus and deregulate many cellular processes, some studies have reported that EEE can be used by plants to optimize the resistance to pathogen infection. Here, we investigated whether the EEE-induced resistance to pathogen infection might be mediated by mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX). The present work showed that exposure of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) leaves to short-term excess light or treatment of Arabidopsis leaves with the electron transport inhibitor, DBMIB (2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone), restricted the growth of virulent biotrophic bacteria, Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) DC3000. Exposure to short-term excess light or DBMIB treatment also enhanced the level of the capacity of the cyanide-resistant respiration of the infected leaves. The lack of AOX1a gene in the AtAOX1a anti-sense line attenuated the excess light- or DBMIB-induced resistance toward Pst DC3000. These results indicate that AOX may play a role in regulating the EEE-induced resistance to virulent pathogen infection.
Biologia – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 16, 2018
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