Alternative exploration of EKC for $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions: inclusion of meta-technical ratio in quantile regression model

Alternative exploration of EKC for $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions: inclusion of... This study develops an innovated model of quantile regression model to portray a delicate relationship between per capita income and $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emission. The inclusion of the indicator of meta-technical ratio, generated from the directional distance function, not only transforms the underlying unobservable technology heterogeneity cross different individual unit and time span but also captures the marginal impacts of technology heterogeneity on specific percentiles of the conditional distribution for panel-type of data. This proposed model is applied to investigate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for 104 countries worldwide during years 1990–2005. The results show that income elasticities of $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emission computed from the developed quantile regression estimation results for upper-middle, low-middle, and low income countries are positive in all quantiles. The inversed-U shaped EKC between annual $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emission per capita and annual GDP per capita exist for high percentiles of high income countries. The time effect and country effect elasticities of $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emission are positive in most quantiles. The negative values of $$\hbox {income-CO}_{2}$$ income-CO 2 elasticities reveal that the inversed-U shape EKC relationships exist for countries, such as Germany, United Kindgom, and Japan. Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Alternative exploration of EKC for $$\hbox {CO}_{2}$$ CO 2 emissions: inclusion of meta-technical ratio in quantile regression model

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Social Sciences, general; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial