Altered microRNA expression profile in the peripheral lymphoid compartment of multiple myeloma patients with bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw

Altered microRNA expression profile in the peripheral lymphoid compartment of multiple myeloma... Bisphosphonates are formidable inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption employed for therapy of multiple myeloma (MM) subjects with osteolytic lesions. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an uncommon drug-induced adverse event of these agents. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small, noncoding RNAs nucleotides, which are essential post-transcriptional controllers of gene expression. They have a central role in the normal bone development. The goal of our study was to investigate 18 miRNAs, whose targets were previously validated and described in MM subjects without ONJ, in peripheral lymphocytes of MM subjects with bisphosphonate-induced ONJ. Utilizing reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we evaluated miRNAs in five healthy subjects and in five MM patients with ONJ. Our experimental data revealed that a diverse miRNA signature for ONJ subjects emerged with respect to control subjects. Using the filter for in silico analysis, among the 18 miRNAs, we recognized 14 dysregulated miRNAs. All these miRNAs were significantly over-expressed in patients vs controls (MIR-16-1, MIR-21, MIR-23A, MIR-28, MIR-101-1, MIR-124-1, MIR-129, MIR-139, MIR-145, MIR-149, MIR-202, MIR-221, MIR-424, MIR-520). Among them, six were strongly upregulated (fourfold upregulated and more). These miRNAs target numerous pathways and genes implicated in calcium ion binding, bone resorption, mineralization of bone matrix, and differentiation and maintenance of bone tissue. A modified microRNA expression profile after zoledronate therapy could participate to the onset of ONJ. Targeting these miRNAs could provide a new opportunity for the prevention or treatment of ONJ. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of Hematology Springer Journals

Altered microRNA expression profile in the peripheral lymphoid compartment of multiple myeloma patients with bisphosphonate-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/altered-microrna-expression-profile-in-the-peripheral-lymphoid-pAYkw5p7rm
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Hematology; Oncology
ISSN
0939-5555
eISSN
1432-0584
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00277-018-3296-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bisphosphonates are formidable inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption employed for therapy of multiple myeloma (MM) subjects with osteolytic lesions. Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is an uncommon drug-induced adverse event of these agents. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small, noncoding RNAs nucleotides, which are essential post-transcriptional controllers of gene expression. They have a central role in the normal bone development. The goal of our study was to investigate 18 miRNAs, whose targets were previously validated and described in MM subjects without ONJ, in peripheral lymphocytes of MM subjects with bisphosphonate-induced ONJ. Utilizing reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we evaluated miRNAs in five healthy subjects and in five MM patients with ONJ. Our experimental data revealed that a diverse miRNA signature for ONJ subjects emerged with respect to control subjects. Using the filter for in silico analysis, among the 18 miRNAs, we recognized 14 dysregulated miRNAs. All these miRNAs were significantly over-expressed in patients vs controls (MIR-16-1, MIR-21, MIR-23A, MIR-28, MIR-101-1, MIR-124-1, MIR-129, MIR-139, MIR-145, MIR-149, MIR-202, MIR-221, MIR-424, MIR-520). Among them, six were strongly upregulated (fourfold upregulated and more). These miRNAs target numerous pathways and genes implicated in calcium ion binding, bone resorption, mineralization of bone matrix, and differentiation and maintenance of bone tissue. A modified microRNA expression profile after zoledronate therapy could participate to the onset of ONJ. Targeting these miRNAs could provide a new opportunity for the prevention or treatment of ONJ.

Journal

Annals of HematologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 15, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off