We investigated the alterations of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels in human umbilical arterial smooth muscle cells during gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The amplitude of the KATP current induced by application of the KATP channel opener pinacidil (10 μM) was reduced in the GDM group than in the control group. Pinacidil-induced vasorelaxation was also predominant in the normal group compared with the GDM group. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis suggested that the expression of KATP channel subunits such as Kir6.1, Kir6.2, and SUR2B were decreased in the GDM group relative to the normal group. The application of forskolin and adenosine, which activates protein kinase A (PKA) and thereby KATP channels, elicited KATP current in both the normal and GDM groups. However, the current amplitudes were not different between the normal and GDM groups. In addition, the expression levels of PKA subunits were not altered between the two groups. These results suggest that the reduction of KATP current and KATP channel-induced vasorelaxation are due to the decreased expression of KATP channels, not to the impairment of KATP-related signaling pathways.
Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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