SnS-P2S5 and SnO-P2O5 amorphous materials were prepared by a mechanical milling technique. The SnO-P2O5 milled materials worked as a reversible electrode with higher capacity than SnO crystal in rechargeable lithium cells with conventional liquid electrolytes. All-solid-state cells with a SnX-P2X5 (X = S and O) amorphous electrode and the Li2S-P2S5 glass-ceramic electrolyte were charged and discharged at room temperature. The sulfide electrodes exhibited better charge-discharge performance than the oxide electrodes, suggesting that SnS-P2S5 electrodes are more compatible with Li2S-P2S5 sulfide solid electrolytes. All-solid state batteries 80SnS·20P2S5/LiCoO2 showed a charge-discharge plateau of about 3.4 V and high reversible capacity of over 400 mAh/g, even after 50 cycles. The SnX (X = S and O)-based amorphous materials are promising negative electrode materials with high capacity for rechargeable lithium batteries using not only liquid electrolytes but solid electrolytes.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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