We introduce an all-optical WDM packet communication network that performs wavelength bypassing at the routers. Packets that arrive at a wavelength (optical cross-connect) router at designated wavelengths are switched by the router without having their headers examined. Thus, the processing element of the router is bypassed by such packets. For packet traffic that uses wavelengths that do not bypass a switch, the headers of such packets are examined to determine if this switch is the destination for the flow. If latter is the case, the packet is removed. Otherwise, the packet is switched to a pre-determined output without incurring (network internal) queueing delays. We study a ring network with routers that employ such a WDM bypassing scheme. We present methods to construct wavelength graphs that define the bypassing pattern employed by the routers to guide the traffic flows distributed at each given wavelength. Performance is measured in terms of the network throughput and the average processing path length (i.e., the average number of switches not being bypassed). For a fixed total processing capacity, we show that a WDM bypassing ring network provides a higher throughput level than that exhibited by a non-bypassing ring network, using the same value of total link capacity. By using WDM bypassing, the average processing path length (and thus the packet latency) is reduced. We study a multitude of network loading configurations, corresponding to distinct traffic matrices and client-server scenarios. Higher throughput levels are obtained for network configurations driven by non-uniform traffic matrices. The demonstrated advantages of WDM bypassing methods shown here for WDM ring networks are also applicable to more general network topological layouts.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 8, 2004
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