Alkaline pH and Internal Calcium Increase Na+ and K+ Effluxes in LK Sheep Red Blood Cells in Cl−-free Solutions

Alkaline pH and Internal Calcium Increase Na+ and K+ Effluxes in LK Sheep Red Blood Cells in... We examined the effects of pH, internal ionized Ca (Ca2+ i ), cellular ATP, external divalent cations and quinine on Cl-independent ouabain-resistant K+ efflux in volume-clamped sheep red blood cells (SRBCs) of normal high (HK) and low (LK) intracellular K+ phenotypes. In LK SRBCs the K+ efflux was higher at pH 9.0 (350%) than at pHs 7.4 and 6.5, and was inhibited by external divalent cations, quinine, and cellular ATP depletion. The above findings suggest that the increased K+ efflux at alkaline pH is due to the opening of ion channels or specific transporters in the cell membrane. In addition, K+ efflux was activated (100%) when Ca2+ i was increased (+A23187, +Ca2+ o ) into the μm range. However, in comparison to human red blood cells, the Ca2+ i -induced increase in K+ efflux in LK SRBCs was fourfold smaller and insensitive to quinine and charybdotoxin. The Na+ efflux was also higher at pH 9.0 than at pH 7.4, and activated (about 40%) by increasing Ca2+ i . In contrast, in HK SRBCs the K+ efflux at pH 9.0 was neither inhibited by quinine nor activated by Ca2+ i . These studies suggest the presence in LK SRBCs, of at least two pathways for Cl−-independent K+ and Na+ transport, of which one is unmasked by alkalinization, and the other by a rise in Ca2+ i . http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Alkaline pH and Internal Calcium Increase Na+ and K+ Effluxes in LK Sheep Red Blood Cells in Cl−-free Solutions

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/alkaline-ph-and-internal-calcium-increase-na-and-k-effluxes-in-lk-tqQvTUk2xD
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900208
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We examined the effects of pH, internal ionized Ca (Ca2+ i ), cellular ATP, external divalent cations and quinine on Cl-independent ouabain-resistant K+ efflux in volume-clamped sheep red blood cells (SRBCs) of normal high (HK) and low (LK) intracellular K+ phenotypes. In LK SRBCs the K+ efflux was higher at pH 9.0 (350%) than at pHs 7.4 and 6.5, and was inhibited by external divalent cations, quinine, and cellular ATP depletion. The above findings suggest that the increased K+ efflux at alkaline pH is due to the opening of ion channels or specific transporters in the cell membrane. In addition, K+ efflux was activated (100%) when Ca2+ i was increased (+A23187, +Ca2+ o ) into the μm range. However, in comparison to human red blood cells, the Ca2+ i -induced increase in K+ efflux in LK SRBCs was fourfold smaller and insensitive to quinine and charybdotoxin. The Na+ efflux was also higher at pH 9.0 than at pH 7.4, and activated (about 40%) by increasing Ca2+ i . In contrast, in HK SRBCs the K+ efflux at pH 9.0 was neither inhibited by quinine nor activated by Ca2+ i . These studies suggest the presence in LK SRBCs, of at least two pathways for Cl−-independent K+ and Na+ transport, of which one is unmasked by alkalinization, and the other by a rise in Ca2+ i .

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off