The species composition and structure of algal fouling communities on the underwater artificial substrates at lobster farms in Nha Trang Bay (Vietnam) were studied for the first time. In total, 126 taxa (species and forms) of macroalgae (24% green, 16% brown, and 60% red), as well as eight species of cyanobacteria, were found. Depending on the area and quality of the substrate, fouling algae form polydominant turf communities, mono- and bidominant communities of crustose algae, or no specific communities. The flora of macroalgal fouling at lobster farms in Nha Trang Bay was similar in terms of its diversity and species composition to that of coral reefs in areas of the Indo-Pacific with a low level of pollution. This similarity might be due to the diversity and cleanness of the substrates (the absence of sediment on the surface of the underwater structures).
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 7, 2013
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