Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2003, pp. 471–477. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2003, pp. 575–582. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Bogdanov. CHRONICLE Aleksandra Alekseevna Prokofyeva-Belgovskaya (1903–1984) and Her Contribution to Cytogenetics: On the 100th Anniversary of Her Birth ral Science Department of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Leningrad State University, where she specialized in genetics and experimental zoology. Prokofyeva-Belgovskaya graduated from the university in 1930. Many of her university professors were outstanding scientists; these were, e.g., Yu.A. Filipchenko, G.A. Lev- itskii, I.I. Sokolov, S.G. Navashin, M.S. Navashin, and Th.G. Dobzhansky. When a student, Prokofyeva-Belgovskaya per- formed a large-scale cytological study on mitosis and meiosis in insects [1, 2]. In 1930, Academician Navashin invited her to work at the Laboratory of Cytology of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union (Leningrad). Prokofyeva-Belgovskaya, on Navashin’s instructions, studied the structure of metaphase chromosomes of the salmon, trout, and Drosophila and found that the rule earlier established by Navashin for plants (according to which the threads of the division spindle never attach to the telomeres of chromosomes) held true for animals too. Strictly speak- ing, there are no telocentric chromosomes; there is
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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