This study examined the prevalence and correlates of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use among military recruits prior to enlistment. As part of a 5-year longitudinal study, a baseline survey was conducted with 2,002 Naval recruits. Despite being overwhelmingly underage, 75% of recruits consumed alcohol in the year before enlistment, and 26% had engaged in heavy drinking. About half had used tobacco, and 31% had used drugs. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that although men were not at significantly greater risk than were women for preenlistment alcohol, heavy drinking or drug use, they were at elevated risk for preenlistment tobacco use (Odds Ratio = 1.71; 95% Confidence Interval = 1.21, 2.41). Normative beliefs concerning best friend's drinking were highly predictive of each outcome. Prior use of each substance was significantly associated with prior use of other substances. Preenlistment drinking, smoking, and drug use are prevalent behaviors in this population. These data can help to heighten awareness among employers as to the prevalence of substance use in the 17–24-year-old age group, and thereby inform policy and prevention programs.
Prevention Science – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera