Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] pp1216-sebu-487648 May 9, 2004 12:11 Style ﬁle version Nov 28th, 2002
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 16, No. 3, July 2004 (
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Among Sexual and
Nonsexual Offenders: Relationship to Intimacy
Deﬁcits and Coping Strategy
and Greg Maillet
Three groups of subjects (N = 95) consisting or rapists, child molesters, and a
comparison group of violent offenders were examined with reference to history of
alcohol abuse, history of drug abuse, intimacy deﬁcits, and emotionally based cop-
ing strategies. No differences were found between the two groups of sex offenders
on any of the measures examined. Sexoffenders were found to be signiﬁcantly older
than the comparison group. When age was entered as a covariate sex offenders
were found to have signiﬁcantly more difﬁculties with alcohol use as measured by
the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) and were signiﬁcantly more likely
to use emotionally based coping strategies as measured by the Coping Inven-
tory for Stressful Situations (CISS). No differences were found between any of the
groups with reference to drug abuse as measured by the Drug Abuse Screening Test
(DAST). Results are discussed in terms of Marshall’s theory of intimacy deﬁcits in
KEY WORDS: sexual deviations; sex offenses; drugs; alcohol.
The association between alcohol and drug abuse and criminal behavior is
hardlynew. Reviews have consistentlyfound thatalcoholproblems, drugproblems,
or a combination of the two are associated with crime (Boland, Henderson, &
Baker, 1998; Dowden & Brown, 1998). Further, substance abuse has been found
to be an important contributor to recidivismamong offenders (Motiuk, 1998). With
reference to sexual offending, speciﬁcally alcohol is involved in one third to two
thirds of rapes (Abbey, 1991; Pernanen, 1991).
Regional Treatment Centre, Ontario, Canada.
Department of Psychology, Central District Parole, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Correctional Service of Canada, Canada.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at C/O Central District Parole, 330 Keele Street,
Toronto, Ontario, Canada M6P 2K7; e-mail: email@example.com.
2004 Plenum Publishing Corporation