Air synthetase in cowpea nodules: a single gene product targeted to two organelles?

Air synthetase in cowpea nodules: a single gene product targeted to two organelles? A cDNA (VUpur5) encoding phosphoribosyl aminoimidazole (AIR) synthetase, the fifth enzyme of the de novo purine biosynthesis pathway has been isolated from a cowpea nodule cDNA library. It encodes a 388 amino acid protein with a predicted molecular mass of 40.4 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequence has significant homology with AIR synthetase from other organisms. AIR synthetase is present in both mitochondria and plastids of cowpea nodules [7]. A signal sequence encoded by the VUpur5 cDNA has properties associated with plastid transit sequences but there is no consensus cleavage site as would be expected for a plastid targeted protein. Although the signal sequence does not have the structural features of a mitochondrial targeted protein, it has a mitochondrial cleavage site motif (RX/XS) close to the predicted N-terminus of the mature protein. Southern analysis suggests that AIR synthetase is encoded by a single gene raising questions as to how the product of this gene is targeted to the two organelles. VUpur5 is expressed at much higher levels in nodules compared to other cowpea tissues and the gene is active before nitrogen fixation begins. These results suggest that products of nitrogen fixation do not play a role in the initial induction of gene expression. VUpur5 was expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant protein used to raise antibodies. These antibodies recognize two forms of AIR synthetase which differ in molecular size. Both forms are present in mitochondria, although the larger protein is more abundant. Only the smaller protein was detected in plastids. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Air synthetase in cowpea nodules: a single gene product targeted to two organelles?

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/air-synthetase-in-cowpea-nodules-a-single-gene-product-targeted-to-two-eaPUP9fdOb
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005969830314
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A cDNA (VUpur5) encoding phosphoribosyl aminoimidazole (AIR) synthetase, the fifth enzyme of the de novo purine biosynthesis pathway has been isolated from a cowpea nodule cDNA library. It encodes a 388 amino acid protein with a predicted molecular mass of 40.4 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequence has significant homology with AIR synthetase from other organisms. AIR synthetase is present in both mitochondria and plastids of cowpea nodules [7]. A signal sequence encoded by the VUpur5 cDNA has properties associated with plastid transit sequences but there is no consensus cleavage site as would be expected for a plastid targeted protein. Although the signal sequence does not have the structural features of a mitochondrial targeted protein, it has a mitochondrial cleavage site motif (RX/XS) close to the predicted N-terminus of the mature protein. Southern analysis suggests that AIR synthetase is encoded by a single gene raising questions as to how the product of this gene is targeted to the two organelles. VUpur5 is expressed at much higher levels in nodules compared to other cowpea tissues and the gene is active before nitrogen fixation begins. These results suggest that products of nitrogen fixation do not play a role in the initial induction of gene expression. VUpur5 was expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant protein used to raise antibodies. These antibodies recognize two forms of AIR synthetase which differ in molecular size. Both forms are present in mitochondria, although the larger protein is more abundant. Only the smaller protein was detected in plastids.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off