Key message Mutagenesis had no effect on number of stalks/plot, stalk height, fibre and sucrose content of mutants. Imazapyr tolerance is likely due to a S622N mutation in the acetolactate synthase gene. Abstract The herbicidal compound imazapyr is effective against weeds such as Cynodon and Rottboellia species that con- strain sugarcane production. This study aimed to compare agronomic characteristics of three imazapyr tolerant mutants (Mut 1, Mut 6 and Mut 7) with the non-mutated N12 control after 18 months of growth, and to sequence the acetolactate synthase (ALS) gene to identify any point mutations conferring imazapyr tolerance. There were no significant differences in the number of stalks/plot, stalk height, fibre and sucrose contents of the mutants compared with the N12 control. However, Mut 1 genotype was more susceptible to the Lepidopteran stalk borer, Eldana saccharina when compared with the non- mutated N12 (11.14 ± 1.37 and 3.89 ± 0.52% internodes bored, respectively), making Mut 1 less desirable for commercial cultivation. Molecular characterisation of the ALS gene revealed non-synonymous mutations in Mut 6. An A to G change at nucleotide position 1857 resulted in a N513D mutation, while a G to A change at nucleotide position 2184 imposed a S622N
Plant Cell Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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