Agglomeration externalities and technical efficiency in Italian regions

Agglomeration externalities and technical efficiency in Italian regions The aim of the present work is to estimate an aggregate production function for the 20 Italian regions by emphasizing the role that agglomeration externalities (localization externalities and urbanization externalities) and spatial spillovers have in influencing the technical efficiency of the production process. To this purpose, we use the stochastic frontier approach. The results highlight the relevance and the positive impact that localization and urbanization externalities have in improving the efficiency level of the production process of Northern and Central Italy regions. Furthermore, spatial spillovers represent a source of development and growth both for Northern-Central regions and Southern regions. Finally, we show that the beta-convergence analysis of regional performance depends on the structural characteristics of each economy (Northern-Central Italy and Southern Italy), and these structural differences imply that Northern-Central and Southern macro-areas will have different steady states with regard to production performance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Agglomeration externalities and technical efficiency in Italian regions

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Social Sciences, general; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11135-014-0056-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aim of the present work is to estimate an aggregate production function for the 20 Italian regions by emphasizing the role that agglomeration externalities (localization externalities and urbanization externalities) and spatial spillovers have in influencing the technical efficiency of the production process. To this purpose, we use the stochastic frontier approach. The results highlight the relevance and the positive impact that localization and urbanization externalities have in improving the efficiency level of the production process of Northern and Central Italy regions. Furthermore, spatial spillovers represent a source of development and growth both for Northern-Central regions and Southern regions. Finally, we show that the beta-convergence analysis of regional performance depends on the structural characteristics of each economy (Northern-Central Italy and Southern Italy), and these structural differences imply that Northern-Central and Southern macro-areas will have different steady states with regard to production performance.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 23, 2014

References

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