Effects of ageing on the lipid/phospholipid profile of brain and liver mitochondria from rats were examined. In the brain mitochondria the contents of total phospholipid (TPL) and cholesterol (CHL) increased with simultaneous increase in the TPL/CHL (mole:mole) ratio. The proportion and contents of lysophospholipid (Lyso), sphingomyelin (SPM), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine (PS) and diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) components increased, with maximal increases seen for PS and PI; phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) components registered decrease. In the liver mitochondria contents of TPL and CHL increased. However, the TPL/CHL (mole:mole) ratio was not altered. Lyso, PI and PS increased. However, the magnitude of increase was competitively lower; PE and DPG decreased. SPM and PC did not change as a consequence of ageing. These changes altered the contents of individual phospholipids in the two membrane systems. Respiration with glutamate, pyruvate + malate, succinate and ascorbate + N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine was significantly impaired in brain mitochondria from old animals. For liver mitochondria the respiratory activity declined with glutamate and succinate. Correlation studies by regression analysis revealed that the lipid/phospholipid classes regulate respiratory function differently in the mitochondria from the two tissues. The respiration-related parameters in the brain mitochondria were dependent on multiple lipid/phospholipid components, and the process of regulation was complex compared to the liver mitochondrial functions.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 21, 2007
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