Age-specific application of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in meningitis: a nationwide study

Age-specific application of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in meningitis: a nationwide study Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neutrophil counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are useful in distinguishing bacterial and viral meningitis. Given that meningitis is clinically heterogeneous with regard to age, here we investigated the validity of the CSF NLR and neutrophil assay according to age group. Data from the nationwide referral of >4,000 meningitis cases to the Hellenic Meningitis Reference Laboratory between 2006 and 2013 were examined. CSF NLR and neutrophil counts were stratified according to age, and assay performance was determined using previous cut-off values of 2 and 287 cells/μl for CSF NLR and neutrophils respectively. The distribution of bacterial versus viral meningitis was heterogenous across age groups, with a low proportion of bacterial meningitis in patients aged 5–14. CSF neutrophil count and NLR were significantly more discriminatory for bacterial meningitis in patients aged over 14 years than those aged 0–14. The odds ratio (OR), sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) were significantly higher in older patients for both biomarkers. When combined, the false-positive and false-negative detection of bacterial meningitis was 3.9 and 8.5% respectively, and the OR of 262.2 was 2.5-fold greater than expected from a multiplicative effect alone in patients aged >14 years. Care is required when applying diagnostic tests for meningitis in different age groups because of patient heterogeneity. This is the first description of the age distribution of meningitis cases in Greece, and knowledge of the age-related distribution of neutrophils and NLR in meningitis cases could help towards developing age-specific meningitis diagnostic assays. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious Diseases Springer Journals

Age-specific application of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in meningitis: a nationwide study

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/age-specific-application-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-tTggazah3y
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0934-9723
eISSN
1435-4373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10096-017-2967-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neutrophil counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are useful in distinguishing bacterial and viral meningitis. Given that meningitis is clinically heterogeneous with regard to age, here we investigated the validity of the CSF NLR and neutrophil assay according to age group. Data from the nationwide referral of >4,000 meningitis cases to the Hellenic Meningitis Reference Laboratory between 2006 and 2013 were examined. CSF NLR and neutrophil counts were stratified according to age, and assay performance was determined using previous cut-off values of 2 and 287 cells/μl for CSF NLR and neutrophils respectively. The distribution of bacterial versus viral meningitis was heterogenous across age groups, with a low proportion of bacterial meningitis in patients aged 5–14. CSF neutrophil count and NLR were significantly more discriminatory for bacterial meningitis in patients aged over 14 years than those aged 0–14. The odds ratio (OR), sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) were significantly higher in older patients for both biomarkers. When combined, the false-positive and false-negative detection of bacterial meningitis was 3.9 and 8.5% respectively, and the OR of 262.2 was 2.5-fold greater than expected from a multiplicative effect alone in patients aged >14 years. Care is required when applying diagnostic tests for meningitis in different age groups because of patient heterogeneity. This is the first description of the age distribution of meningitis cases in Greece, and knowledge of the age-related distribution of neutrophils and NLR in meningitis cases could help towards developing age-specific meningitis diagnostic assays.

Journal

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious DiseasesSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 24, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off