Age differences in arterial and venous extra-cerebral blood flow in healthy adults: contributions of vascular risk factors and genetic variants

Age differences in arterial and venous extra-cerebral blood flow in healthy adults: contributions... Sufficient cerebral blood flow (CBF) and venous drainage are critical for normal brain function, and their alterations can affect brain aging. However, to date, most studies focused on arterial CBF (inflow) with little attention paid to the age differences in venous outflow. We measured extra-cerebral arterial and venous blood flow rates with phase-contrast MRI and assessed the influence of vascular risk factors and genetic polymorphisms (ACE insertion/deletion, COMT val158met, and APOEε4) in 73 adults (age 18–74 years). Advanced age, elevated vascular risk, ACE Deletion, and COMT met alleles were linked to lower in- and outflow, with no effects of APOE ε4 noted. Lower age-related CBF rate was unrelated to brain volume and was observed only in val homozygotes of COMTval158met. Thus, in a disease-free population, age differences in CBF may be notable only in persons with high vascular risk and carriers of genetic variants associated with vasoconstriction and lower dopamine availability. It remains to be established if treatments targeting alleviation of the mutable factors can improve the course of cerebrovascular aging in spite of the immutable genetic influence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Structure and Function Springer Journals

Age differences in arterial and venous extra-cerebral blood flow in healthy adults: contributions of vascular risk factors and genetic variants

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/age-differences-in-arterial-and-venous-extra-cerebral-blood-flow-in-aniXzhtJ0B
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Neurology
ISSN
1863-2653
eISSN
1863-2661
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00429-016-1362-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sufficient cerebral blood flow (CBF) and venous drainage are critical for normal brain function, and their alterations can affect brain aging. However, to date, most studies focused on arterial CBF (inflow) with little attention paid to the age differences in venous outflow. We measured extra-cerebral arterial and venous blood flow rates with phase-contrast MRI and assessed the influence of vascular risk factors and genetic polymorphisms (ACE insertion/deletion, COMT val158met, and APOEε4) in 73 adults (age 18–74 years). Advanced age, elevated vascular risk, ACE Deletion, and COMT met alleles were linked to lower in- and outflow, with no effects of APOE ε4 noted. Lower age-related CBF rate was unrelated to brain volume and was observed only in val homozygotes of COMTval158met. Thus, in a disease-free population, age differences in CBF may be notable only in persons with high vascular risk and carriers of genetic variants associated with vasoconstriction and lower dopamine availability. It remains to be established if treatments targeting alleviation of the mutable factors can improve the course of cerebrovascular aging in spite of the immutable genetic influence.

Journal

Brain Structure and FunctionSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 24, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off