In order to study the expression of the induced form of myrosinase-associated protein (iMyAP), a genomic clone encoding the protein was isolated from Brassica napus. The coding portion of the gene was found to consist of five exons separated by one long intron of 938 bp and three shorter introns of ca. 100 bp. A 1.9 kb promoter fragment including the 5′-untranslated region was cloned in front of the coding portion of the Escherichia coli iudA gene and transformed into Arabidopsis thaliana. Expression was observed in hypocotyls of 4-day seedlings, but in 7-day seedlings the iMyAP promoter did not direct expression. In flowering plants, only the abscission zone of the young silique displayed promoter activity. In contrast, mechanical wounding of 7-day seedlings induced a systemic expression in all cells of the cotyledons. Wounding of 14-day seedlings gave rise to systemic induced expression mainly in the vascular tissue. However, mechanical wounding and wounding by flea beetles (Phyllotreta undulata) of 4-week old plants only gave rise to a local induction of the promoter, suggesting that the systemic signal system is age-dependent. Methyl jasmonate also induced iMyAP expression. In situ and northern analysis of iMyAP transcripts in young leaves of B. napus showed that the induction was high after 1 h and absent after 24 h. Comparison of the effect of different types of wounding on the iMyAP promoter induction in transgenic Arabidopsis showed that similar degrees of local induction were achieved regardless of the degree of macerated tissue left on the plant.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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