African-American Prostate Cancer Disparities

African-American Prostate Cancer Disparities Curr Urol Rep (2017) 18:81 DOI 10.1007/s11934-017-0724-5 PROSTATE CANCER (S PRASAD, SECTION EDITOR) 1 1 2 Zachary L. Smith & Scott E. Eggener & Adam B. Murphy Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017 Abstract Introduction Purpose of Review The purpose of this review is to examine prostate cancer racial disparities specific to the African- Within the USA, prostate cancer (PCa) has a significant racial American population. disparity with regard to incidence and mortality. While Recent Findings African-American men are more likely to be European-American men (EAM) carry a one in eight proba- diagnosed with prostate cancer, present at an earlier age; are bility of being diagnosed with PCa during their lifetime, it is more likely to have locally advanced or metastatic disease at one in six for African-American men (AAM) [1]. diagnosis; and have suboptimal outcomes to standard Furthermore, AAM carry a higher lifetime risk of dying from treatments. the disease, disproportionate to the increased incidence, with a Summary Prostate cancer treatment requires a nuanced ap- 4.4% chance of death from PCa compared to 2.4% for EAM proach, particularly when applying screening, counseling, [1](see Fig. 1). and management of African-American men. Oncological as There are also significant racial differences in Current Urology Reports Springer Journals

African-American Prostate Cancer Disparities

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Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Medicine & Public Health; Urology; Nephrology
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