Aeroacoustic measurements on a NACA 0012 applying the Coherent Particle Velocity method

Aeroacoustic measurements on a NACA 0012 applying the Coherent Particle Velocity method Aeroacoustic measurements on two NACA 0012 airfoil sections with different chord length and sharp trailing edge were conducted at the Laminar Wind Tunnel (LWT) of the University of Stuttgart. The LWT is a closed test section wind tunnel with a very low turbulence level and an acoustically optimized diffusor section allowing for high-quality aerodynamic as well as aeroacoustic measurements. Trailing edge noise measurements were performed using the Coherent Particle Velocity (CPV) method, which is based on a cross-spectral analysis of two hot-wire sensor signals placed on the suction and the pressure side of the airfoil trailing edge, respectively. At high angles of attack, the cross-spectral analysis of the two sensor signals used for the measurement of the trailing edge noise can be prone to a disturbing influence of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Hence, continuous shifts in the phasing of the cross-correlation are observed mainly for low sensor distances to the trailing edge. The quantitative evaluation of the trailing edge noise predominately in the low frequency range is, therefore, considerably disturbed. A new approach is proposed, which allows for the correction of the cross-correlation function based on the averaged single wire auto-spectrum. The results are compared to measurements with increased sensor distance and show good agreement. In the following, trailing edge noise measurements were performed on a NACA 0012 airfoil in a wide range of angles of attack (α = 0°–8°) and free-stream velocities ( $$u_{\infty} = 30{-}70\,{\hbox{m/s}}$$ u ∞ = 30 - 70 m/s ). The tripped flow cases exhibit a very good consistency for the scaling of the 1/3 octave spectra based on outer variables. Moreover, a common intersection point of the sound pressure level was observed for trailing edge noise spectra measured at constant free-stream velocity and different angles of attack. In cases without boundary layer tripping, the presence of an acoustic feedback loop was observed and linked to the presence of a laminar separation bubble on the pressure side in the vicinity of the trailing edge. Finally, a comparison of the aeroacoustic measurements based on the CPV method showed reasonably good agreement with published data obtained with both a microphone array and the Coherent Output Power method in open-test section facilities. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Aeroacoustic measurements on a NACA 0012 applying the Coherent Particle Velocity method

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-013-1556-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Aeroacoustic measurements on two NACA 0012 airfoil sections with different chord length and sharp trailing edge were conducted at the Laminar Wind Tunnel (LWT) of the University of Stuttgart. The LWT is a closed test section wind tunnel with a very low turbulence level and an acoustically optimized diffusor section allowing for high-quality aerodynamic as well as aeroacoustic measurements. Trailing edge noise measurements were performed using the Coherent Particle Velocity (CPV) method, which is based on a cross-spectral analysis of two hot-wire sensor signals placed on the suction and the pressure side of the airfoil trailing edge, respectively. At high angles of attack, the cross-spectral analysis of the two sensor signals used for the measurement of the trailing edge noise can be prone to a disturbing influence of hydrodynamic fluctuations. Hence, continuous shifts in the phasing of the cross-correlation are observed mainly for low sensor distances to the trailing edge. The quantitative evaluation of the trailing edge noise predominately in the low frequency range is, therefore, considerably disturbed. A new approach is proposed, which allows for the correction of the cross-correlation function based on the averaged single wire auto-spectrum. The results are compared to measurements with increased sensor distance and show good agreement. In the following, trailing edge noise measurements were performed on a NACA 0012 airfoil in a wide range of angles of attack (α = 0°–8°) and free-stream velocities ( $$u_{\infty} = 30{-}70\,{\hbox{m/s}}$$ u ∞ = 30 - 70 m/s ). The tripped flow cases exhibit a very good consistency for the scaling of the 1/3 octave spectra based on outer variables. Moreover, a common intersection point of the sound pressure level was observed for trailing edge noise spectra measured at constant free-stream velocity and different angles of attack. In cases without boundary layer tripping, the presence of an acoustic feedback loop was observed and linked to the presence of a laminar separation bubble on the pressure side in the vicinity of the trailing edge. Finally, a comparison of the aeroacoustic measurements based on the CPV method showed reasonably good agreement with published data obtained with both a microphone array and the Coherent Output Power method in open-test section facilities.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 4, 2013

References

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