Coating seeds with nutrients remains an effective way of supplying fertilizers for the establishment and development of seedlings. Clays have been proposed, among other coating materials, because of their low price and favorable properties. Nine natural clays (R1-R9), collected in the eastern Andalusian region (south of Spain), were evaluated for the retention of P, Mn and Zn, with the ultimate goal of designing enriched seed coatings. The clays were similar in composition, with high Ca content. Various equations were used for the fitting of kinetic and adsorption data. Adsorption rates of Mn were higher with R2, R6 was the clay in which Zn exhibited the most rapid kinetics, while P was adsorbed on R7 at the highest rate. Slower adsorption rates corresponded in all cases to Zn. The pseudo-second order model adequately explained the experimental kinetic data of Mn, Zn and P on the different sorbents. Adsorption isotherms indicated that the maximum adsorption capacity on the analyzed clays was ranged as Zn > Mn > > P. Clays were able to retain nutrients for long periods of time (up to 96 days) and desorption was inversely related with adsorption. Simultaneous addition on selected clays of Zn and Mn led to significantly higher nutrient desorption. The co-presence in clays of various compounds (nutrients and/or pesticides) affected their release, so this aspect deserves special attention in coating design. Results obtained suggest the feasibility of using these clay materials enriched with nutrients for seed coating.
Adsorption – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 20, 2017
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