The β-adrenergic signaling pathways and antioxidant defence mechanisms play important roles in maintaining proper heart function. Here, we examined the effect of chronic normobaric hypoxia (CNH, 10% O2, 3 weeks) on myocardial β-adrenergic signaling and selected components of the antioxidant system in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in a conplastic SHR-mtBN strain characterized by the selective replacement of the mitochondrial genome of SHR with that of the more ischemia–resistant Brown Norway strain. Our investigations revealed some intriguing differences between the two strains at the level of β-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs), activity of adenylyl cyclase (AC) and monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), as well as distinct changes after CNH exposure. The β2-AR/β1-AR ratio was significantly higher in SHR-mtBN than in SHR, apparently due to increased expression of β2-ARs. Adaptation to hypoxia elevated β2-ARs in SHR and decreased the total number of β-ARs in SHR-mtBN. In parallel, the ability of isoprenaline to stimulate AC activity was found to be higher in SHR-mtBN than that in SHR. Interestingly, the activity of MAO-A was notably lower in SHR-mtBN than in SHR, and it was markedly elevated in both strains after exposure to hypoxia. In addition to that, CNH markedly enhanced the expression of catalase and aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 in both strains, and decreased the expression of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase in SHR. Adaptation to CNH intensified oxidative stress to a similar extent in both strains and elevated the IL-10/TNF-α ratio in SHR-mtBN only. These data indicate that alterations in the mitochondrial genome can result in peculiar changes in myocardial β-adrenergic signaling, MAO-A activity and antioxidant defence and may, thus, affect the adaptive responses to hypoxia.
The Journal of Physiological Sciences – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2017
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