In normal rats we showed that glucocorticoids participate in the downregulation of UT-A1 protein abundance in the inner medullary tip and in lowering of basal and vasopressin-stimulated facilitated urea permeability in terminal IMCDs. To examine the relevance of this response to a rat model of human disease, we studied rats with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM) induced by streptozotocin (STZ), since these rats have increased corticosterone production and urea excretion. We found that at 3 days of DM, UT-A1 protein abundance is downregulated in the inner medullary tip compared to pair-fed control rats, while DM for more than 7 days caused an increase in UT-A1. To test whether adrenal steroids could be a mechanism contributing to the latter increase, we studied adrenalectomized rats (ADX), ADX rats given STZ to induce diabetes (ADX + STZ), and ADX + STZ rats receiving exogenous aldosterone or dexamethasone. In contrast to control rats, UT-A1 protein abundance was not increased by prolonged DM in the ADX rats. Aquaporin 2 (AQP2) was not increased in the inner medullas of 10-day DM rats either. However, UT-A1 protein abundance was significantly reduced in the inner medullary tips from both diabetic aldosterone-treated (40 ± 2%) and dexamethasone-treated (43 ± 2%) ADX rats compared to diabetic ADX rats without steroid replacement. AQP2 was unaffected by steroid hormone treatments. Thus, both mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids downregulate UT-A1 protein abundance in rats with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus for 10 days. These results suggest that: 1) the increase in UT-A1 observed in DM is dependent upon having adrenal steroids present; and 2) adrenal steroids are not sufficient to enable the compensatory rise in UT-A1 to a steroid-deficient diabetic animal.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 30, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera