Subcutaneous and visceral adipose compartments act, not only as fatty acid depots, but also as active endocrine organs that undergo hyperplastic changes and significantly enhance their function in obesity. Adipokines and other proteins secreted by both adipocytes and stromal cells play a central role in peripheral insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome (MS). Minor alleles of the adipokine genes substantially contribute to MS. The most important consequence of MS is low-level systemic inflammation supported by adiposespecific synthesis of proinflammatory soluble molecules. Proinflammatory signals are secreted into the bloodstream and spread to peripheral tissues that express their receptors. The signals provided by adipose tissue stimulate the development of secondary complications of MS, including cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The review describes the physiological effects of adiponectin, leptin, resistin, visfatin, and apelin and the influence of the minor alleles of the adipokine genes on the development of the secondary complications of MS.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera