A review of data on the pattern of change of the intensity of oxygen consumption during early ontogenesis of different fish species (rainbow trout, loach, zebrafish, carp, and grass carp) is provided. It has a similar pattern: this index increases in the period of embryonic and larval development and, after passing of larvae to an active feeding, it begins to gradually decline. This dynamics is determined by specific features of an increase in the rate of oxygen uptake and body weight in the course of early stages of fish ontogenesis. For determining optimal temperature conditions of development, a method of total (for a definite stage of development) oxygen uptake was suggested, which makes it possible to determine minimal energy expenditures necessary for the process of a particular stage of embryogenesis to take place. Analysis of temperature dependence of kinetic properties of enzymes with reference to the Michaelis constant (Km) for lactate dehydrogenase demonstrated that minimal Km, corresponding to maximal enzyme-substrate affinity, for embryos of different fish species differs in correspondence with differences in temperature conditions of development of these species in nature. For embryos of one species developing at changing temperature conditions (salmonids), this index changes in accordance with a temperature drift in nature.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 8, 2011
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