Vaccine strains of measles virus (MV) use CD46 as receptor and downregulate CD46 from the surface of infected cells. MVs isolated and passaged on B-lymphoid cells (wild-type MVs) seem to use another receptor and do not downregulate CD46. In the present study, we found that isolation of MV on human or marmoset B-lymphoid cells did not alter the MV haemagglutinin (H) protein relative to that in the patient. The wild-type isolates were adapted to the human epithelial HEp-2 cell line or the monkey fibroblast Vero cell line. All HEp-2 cell adapted viruses and 1 out of 4 Vero cell adapted viruses acquired the capacity to use CD46 as receptor, as measured by their ability to infect murine cells expressing human CD46. Adaptation to CD46 receptor usage was coupled to substitution of amino acid 481 of the MV H protein from asparagine to tyrosine but not to CD46 downregulation. The present study demonstrates that CD46 receptor usage can be induced by adaptation of wild-type MV to cells that do not express a wild-type receptor and suggests that a similar mechanism acted on the progenitor viruses of the present MV vaccine strains during their isolation and attenuation.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2001
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera