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Acute kidney injury following implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in colorectal surgery

Acute kidney injury following implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS)... Purpose Fluid management within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols is designed to maintain a euvolemic state avoiding the negative sequelae of hypervolemia or hypovolemia. We sought to determine the effect of a recent ERAS protocol implementation on kidney function and on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods A total of 132 elective colorectal resections performed using our ERAS protocol were compared to a propensity- matched group prior to ERAS implementation. Fluid balance, urine output, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were recorded for all patients, and the incidence of AKI was determined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Results Implementation of our ERAS protocol decreased average postoperative length of hospital stay (5.5 vs 7.7 days, p < 0.0001) and time to return of bowel function (2.5 vs 4.1 days, p < 0.0001). The rate of postoperative AKI increased following implementation of the protocol (11.4 vs 2.3%, p < 0.0001). However, by the time of discharge, the average creatinine of ERAS patients who had experienced AKI had returned to their preoperative baseline values (p = 0.9037). Significant univariate predictors of AKI in ERAS patients were longer operative times (p < 0.01) and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Colorectal Disease Springer Journals

Acute kidney injury following implementation of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in colorectal surgery

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References (43)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Surgery; Internal Medicine; Gastroenterology; Hepatology; Proctology
ISSN
0179-1958
eISSN
1432-1262
DOI
10.1007/s00384-018-3084-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Fluid management within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols is designed to maintain a euvolemic state avoiding the negative sequelae of hypervolemia or hypovolemia. We sought to determine the effect of a recent ERAS protocol implementation on kidney function and on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods A total of 132 elective colorectal resections performed using our ERAS protocol were compared to a propensity- matched group prior to ERAS implementation. Fluid balance, urine output, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were recorded for all patients, and the incidence of AKI was determined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Results Implementation of our ERAS protocol decreased average postoperative length of hospital stay (5.5 vs 7.7 days, p < 0.0001) and time to return of bowel function (2.5 vs 4.1 days, p < 0.0001). The rate of postoperative AKI increased following implementation of the protocol (11.4 vs 2.3%, p < 0.0001). However, by the time of discharge, the average creatinine of ERAS patients who had experienced AKI had returned to their preoperative baseline values (p = 0.9037). Significant univariate predictors of AKI in ERAS patients were longer operative times (p < 0.01) and

Journal

International Journal of Colorectal DiseaseSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

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