Purpose Fluid management within Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols is designed to maintain a euvolemic state avoiding the negative sequelae of hypervolemia or hypovolemia. We sought to determine the effect of a recent ERAS protocol implementation on kidney function and on the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods A total of 132 elective colorectal resections performed using our ERAS protocol were compared to a propensity- matched group prior to ERAS implementation. Fluid balance, urine output, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were recorded for all patients, and the incidence of AKI was determined according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Results Implementation of our ERAS protocol decreased average postoperative length of hospital stay (5.5 vs 7.7 days, p < 0.0001) and time to return of bowel function (2.5 vs 4.1 days, p < 0.0001). The rate of postoperative AKI increased following implementation of the protocol (11.4 vs 2.3%, p < 0.0001). However, by the time of discharge, the average creatinine of ERAS patients who had experienced AKI had returned to their preoperative baseline values (p = 0.9037). Significant univariate predictors of AKI in ERAS patients were longer operative times (p < 0.01) and
International Journal of Colorectal Disease – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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