Activity of biochemical pH-stat enzymes in cereal root tips under oxygen deficiency

Activity of biochemical pH-stat enzymes in cereal root tips under oxygen deficiency The activity of the enzymes of alcoholic and lactic-acid fermentation: pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC, EC 4.1.1.1), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, EC 1.1.1.1), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27) and the enzymes of malic acid metabolism: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, EC 4.1.1.23), NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase (NAD-MDH, EC 1.1.1.37), and NADP-dependent malic enzyme (NADP-ME, EC 1.1.1.40) involved in the operation of biochemical pH-stat was investigated in the root tips of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) under hypoxia and anoxia. Exposures lasted for 6, 12, and 18 h. The most pronounced response was detected for the enzymes of alcoholic fermentation. The activation of ADH and PDC in wheat occurred only under hypoxia, whereas in rice it was detected both under hypoxia and anoxia. The activation of LDH in wheat occurred under hypoxia, and in rice, the activity of this enzyme was slightly enhanced. The activity of the enzymes of malic acid metabolism did not change except in wheat root tips under hypoxia when PEPC activity decreased and NADP-ME activity simultaneously rose. The role of biochemical pH-stat in the regulation of cytoplasmic pH in plant cells under oxygen deficit and the mechanisms for regulating the activities of enzymes involved in biochemical pH-stat are discussed as well as the interaction between biochemical pH-stat and other mechanisms maintaining pH of plant cells. The results are analyzed within a context of intracellular pH regulation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Activity of biochemical pH-stat enzymes in cereal root tips under oxygen deficiency

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102144370903011X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The activity of the enzymes of alcoholic and lactic-acid fermentation: pyruvate decarboxylase (PDC, EC 4.1.1.1), alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, EC 1.1.1.1), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27) and the enzymes of malic acid metabolism: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, EC 4.1.1.23), NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenase (NAD-MDH, EC 1.1.1.37), and NADP-dependent malic enzyme (NADP-ME, EC 1.1.1.40) involved in the operation of biochemical pH-stat was investigated in the root tips of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) under hypoxia and anoxia. Exposures lasted for 6, 12, and 18 h. The most pronounced response was detected for the enzymes of alcoholic fermentation. The activation of ADH and PDC in wheat occurred only under hypoxia, whereas in rice it was detected both under hypoxia and anoxia. The activation of LDH in wheat occurred under hypoxia, and in rice, the activity of this enzyme was slightly enhanced. The activity of the enzymes of malic acid metabolism did not change except in wheat root tips under hypoxia when PEPC activity decreased and NADP-ME activity simultaneously rose. The role of biochemical pH-stat in the regulation of cytoplasmic pH in plant cells under oxygen deficit and the mechanisms for regulating the activities of enzymes involved in biochemical pH-stat are discussed as well as the interaction between biochemical pH-stat and other mechanisms maintaining pH of plant cells. The results are analyzed within a context of intracellular pH regulation.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 10, 2009

References

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