Helicoverpa armigera is a major devastating insect pest on a wide range of vegetables and cash crops. Insecticides are presently indispensable for its control in nearly all crops. H. armigera has acquired resistance against almost all insecticides because of the activity of detoxification enzymes used for the defensive mechanism. The current research was carried out to evaluate the activity of detoxification enzymes, i.e., acetylcholinesterase and alkaline and acid phosphatases in chlorpyrifos-, bifenthrin-, lufenuron-, lambda cyhalothrin-, and emamectin benzoate-treated larvae of H. armigera. The maximum AChE activity was recorded in emamectin benzoate-treated larval samples followed by chlorpyrifos, lufenuron, lambda cyhalothrin and bifenthrin, respectively, while the highest alkaline phosphatases’ activity was recorded in emamectin and the lowest in bifenthrin-treated H. armigera. As far as acid phosphatases’ activity is concerned, the highest activity was noted in lufenuron samples while the lowest in lambda cyhalothrin samples, respectively. Comparatively, activities of alkaline and acid phosphatases were higher than AChE. The elevated activities of detoxification enzymes can possibly lead to increase in resistance development against synthetic chemical insecticides.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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