Cancer Causes Control (2017) 28:929–938 DOI 10.1007/s10552-017-0923-x ORIGINAL PAPER Active smoking and survival following breast cancer among African American and non-African American women in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study 1,2 1 1 1,2 • • • • Humberto Parada Jr Xuezheng Sun Chiu-Kit Tse Andrew F. Olshan 1,2 1,2 Melissa A. Troester Kathleen Conway Received: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 4 July 2017 / Published online: 10 July 2017 Springer International Publishing AG 2017 Abstract smoking and breast cancer-speciﬁc survival within 5 years Purpose To examine racial differences in smoking rates at and up to 18 years after diagnosis conditional on 5-year the time of breast cancer diagnosis and subsequent survival survival. We examined race and estrogen receptor status as among African American and non-African American potential modiﬁers. women in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (Phases I/II), a Results Current (vs never) smoking was not associated large population-based North Carolina study. with 5-year survival; however, risk of 13 year conditional Methods We interviewed 788 African American and 1,020 breast cancer-speciﬁc mortality was elevated among Caucasian/non-African American women diagnosed with women who were current smokers at diagnosis (HR 1.54, invasive breast cancer from 1993 to 2000, to assess 95% CI
Cancer Causes & Control – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 10, 2017
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