A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) gene, tMEK2, was isolated from tomato cv. Bonny Best. By mutagenesis, a permanently active variant, tMEK2 MUT, was created. Both wild-type tMEK2 and mutant tMEK2 MUT were driven by a newly described strong plant constitutive promoter, tCUP, in a tomato protoplast transient gene expression system. Pathogenesis-related genes, PR1b1, PR3 and Twi1, and a wound-inducible gene, ER5, were activated by tMEK2MUT. Specific inhibitors of p38 class MAPK inhibited tMEK2MUT-induced activation of PR3 and ER5 genes but not that of the PR1b1 or Twi1 gene. Arabidopsis dual-specificity protein tyrosine phosphatase1 (DsPTP1) and maize protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) inhibited tMEK2MUT-induced activation of the ER5 gene and the Twi1 gene, respectively, whereas PR1b1 and PR3 were not affected by either AtDsPTP1, or maize PP1, or Arabidopsis protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). We have demonstrated for the first time that a single MAPKK activates an array of PR and wound-related genes. Our observation indicates that the activation of the genes downstream of tMEK2 occurs through divergent pathways and that tMEK2 may play an important role in the interaction of signal transduction pathways that mediate responses to both biotic (e.g. disease) and abiotic stresses (e.g. wound responsiveness).
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera